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Gaushala

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Gaushala | Gauseva DDF

प्रणौमि क्वणदोङ्कारमणिघण्टाविभूषिणीम् ।
कलालोककुटुम्बस्य सूक्तिधेनुं सरस्वतीम् ।।


The cow was elevated to the status of divinity in the Rg.Veda itself. In Book VI, the Hymn XXVIII attributed to Rishi Bhardwaja, extols the virtue of the cow. In Atharva Veda (Book X, Hymn 10), the cow is formally designated as Vishnu, and “all that the Sun surveys.” This divine quality of the cow has been affirmed by Kautilya in his Arthashastra (Chapter XXIX) as well.

Hindus consider Cow as the most sacred of all the animals. It is known as Kamadhenu, or the divine cow, and the giver of all desires. The origin of the veneration of the cow can be traced to the Vedic period (2nd millennium–7th century BCE). The Indo-European peoples who entered India in the 2nd millennium BCE were pastoralists; cattle had major economic significance that was reflected in their religion.


The cow has also been associated with various deities, notably Shiva (whose steed is Nandi, a bull), Indra (closely associated with Kamadhenu, the wish-granting cow), Krishna (a cowherd in his youth), and goddesses in general (because of the maternal attributes of many of them). The Indian society has addressed the cow as Gau-mata. The Mathan (churning) of the Sea episode brings to light the story of the creation of the cow. Five divine Kamadhenus (wish cows), viz, Nanda, Subhadra, Surabhi, Sushila, Bahula emerged in the manthan. Cow is there in the company of Bhagwan Dattatreya and Gopal Krishna. Cow is the vehicle of Shaillputri and Gowri – two of the nine manifestations of Goddess Durga. Ancient coins with image of bull Nandi on them have been found in excavations.


Gaushala DDF


Gauseva

According to legend, cow emerged from the ocean of milk at the time of Samudra-manthan or the great churning of the ocean by the gods and demons on the opposite side. She was presented to the seven sages, and in the course of time came into the custody of sage Vasishta,. Her legs symbolise four Vedas; her nipples four Purushartha (or objectives, i.e. dharma or righteousness, artha or material wealth, kama or desire and moksha or salvation); her horns symbolise the gods, her face the sun and moon, and her shoulders agni or the god of fire. She has also been described in four other forms: Nanda, Sunanda, Surabhi, Susheela and Sumana “Satya K Gaushala” at DDF believes in and endeavors to conserve DESI Cows. Cows as we all know provides not only milk and by products but using FYM helps in regaining the fertility of our fields, farms. Organic products thus produced are more profitable – owing to low input cost and high value of produce.

This has the potential of reversing the out-migration pattern. Other activities like Agro-tourism, Rural-Toursim, Organic products (spices etc), Homestays, Village retreats, Yoga tourism, Vedic studies etc. can be woven around and made part of the efforts being made to make the communities self sustainable. Strategies and activities based on these concept can be planned to enhance overall social-economic status of the region. This obviously would require skill building and proper linkages and marketing efforts, to which DDF is committed whole heartedly.

Conservation Of Indigenous Cows

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Gaushalas invariably focuses on the protection of cows and cattle wealth of the country. They primarily ensure shelter to cows and cater to the needs of non-lactating, weak, unproductive and stray cattle. DDF, committed to conserving the indigenous cattle breeds along with rearing cattle’s for dairy purpose will take initiative in this direction.


Indigenous cattle resources have been integral parts of the livelihoods and traditions of several communities over years. In fact cattle’s rearing has been a traditional livelihood in India and is closely linked to agricultural economy. The cattle genetic resource of India is represented by some well recognized robust and resilient indigenous breeds that are particularly suited to the climate and environment of their respective breeding tracts.

Indiscriminate crossbreeding and exotic germplasm through crossbreeding has been identified as the major cause for the losses, as well as the risk to existing breeds. As a consequence some indigenous breeds are becoming endangered and there is depletion of good native germplasm which was having unique quality of disease resistance and heat tolerance.

The dilution of a breed is in terms of purity of breed. Conservation of indigenous animal resources, therefore, has been projected as a suitable method for slowing down the loss in livestock breed diversity through extinction.




Cow

DDF intends to take initiatives to conserve local (indigenous) cattle breeds by using new farm management practices like ensuring proper shelter, superior feeding and proper disease management at it’s site in village Saiklebari.

The project will be self sustaining and will generate economic resources from sale of milk, organic manure, vermi-composting, urine distillates, and production of electricity from biogas for in-house consumption and sale of animal products. In addition efforts will be made to establish enterprises using cow dung like – cow-dung lamps (diya), sambrani cups, incense sticks etc.

Dairy

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Dairying is recognized as an instrument for social and economic development. While income from crop production is seasonal, dairying provides a stable, year-round income, which is an important economic incentive for the small farmer to take to dairying. Milk production is a livestock enterprise in which small- scale farmers can successfully engage in order to improve their livelihoods. Regular milk sales also allow to move from subsistence to a market based income.

DDF, apart from taking initiative for conserving the indigenous cows has established a separate unit, purely for promoting dairy enterprise in the village based on cooperative approach. Individual farmers, families have been encouraged to raise a combination of desi and commercial cow (again desi) to supplement their farm income. Milk is procured from them on daily basis by DDF.

Technical knowhow on shed management along with inputs on feed management, disease management is imparted on regular basis by the team of DDF as part of the venture. This is a Hub and Spoke Model in which a Dairy managed by DDF in a 5 acre land expense plays the central role. Partner families, farmers are supplied with improved desi breed cows in lieu of small token amount, along with other technical inputs by DDF. The milk thus collected is converted into various dairy products like Clarified Butter (Ghee), Cottage Cheese etc. This is then supplied to nearby market in Rishikesh and Haridwar.